, Neck rot is a fungal disease affecting onions in storage.  It was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum. The base of each leaf is a flattened, usually white sheath that grows out of the basal plate of a bulb. an onion does not have seeds or a pit, but it does come from the ground. A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that are used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. I don’t know about you but I have always associated the onions with the vegetables and I find onions in the vegetable section of the grocery store when I go shopping. Chives (Allium Schoenoprasum) is a member of the onion family, so is therefore a vegetable. Some of the nutrients in onions may help promote heart health, reduce inflammation and reduce the risk of cancer. More precisely, green poisonous fruits on potato plant are considered fruit, while edible parts of the plant, tubers and leaves, are considered vegetables.  It has been grown for centuries in Japan and China for use as a salad onion. The seeds are glossy black and triangular in cross section. Potato â This is a stem, an underground storage stem called a tuber. The term onion actually refers to the bulb of Allium cepa, a plant from the lily family. Tomatoes are fruits, same as sweet peppers, pumpkins, cucumbers and courgettes. Onions are members of the Allium genus of flowering plants that also includes garlic, shallots, leeks and chives. The bulbs may be affected by splitting, white rot, and neck rot. ", The vast majority of cultivars of A. cepa belong to the "common onion group" (A. cepa var. Ideally picked when the flower bud is small and tender, the artichoke is considered a delicacy. Onion is a vegetable Answer #5 | 23/10 2015 09:17 a vegetable of course They are at their broadest about a quarter of the way up, beyond which they taper towards a blunt tip. They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. ", "Tearless Onion Created In Lab Using Gene Silencing", "Silencing Onion Lachrymatory Factor Synthase Causes a Significant Change in the Sulfur Secondary Metabolite Profile", "Onions that don't make you cry are finally here", "Onion bulb formation is strongly linked with day length", "Onions: Planting, Growing and Harvesting Onion Plants", "What is Onion Bolting and how to Keep an Onion from Bolting", "Production of onions and shallots (green) in 2018: Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity from pick lists", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Onion&oldid=995777024, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles needing examples from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gripshover, Margaret M., and Thomas L. Bell, "Patently Good Ideas: Innovations and Inventions in U.S. Onion Farming, 1883–1939,", This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 20:58. Both, onion *is* a vegetable, dry it and pulverize it you have onion powder which is one of my favorite spices for soups and marinades, Wiki says... "Onion powder is a spice used for seasoning in cooking." Large quantities of spores are produced and crust-like sclerotia may also develop. If left in the soil over winter, the growing point in the middle of the bulb begins to develop in the spring. What is it? It must be root, right? Garlic is rarely eaten on its own, which is what many people use as a common classification for a vegetable. The Onion Family, Alliaceae, is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants.They are monocots, part of order Asparagales. The plants rarely flower; propagation is by division.. , Onions are best cultivated in fertile soils that are well-drained.  Yellow onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher than in white onions. I found an interesting answer from Abhishek Mishra on Quora. Onion is one such humble vegetable that has umpteen benefits. So, a simpler definition of a vegetable would be “a vegetable is any edible part of a plant, except for the fruit.” Otherwise, we might assume that fruits are also vegetables. Therefore, none of these definitions seem to include onions in the fruit category. , The genus Allium also contains a number of other species variously referred to as onions and cultivated for food, such as the Japanese bunching onion (A. fistulosum), Egyptian onion (A. The common onion is classified under the Allium cepa species of which there are hundreds of different cultivars. Tomatoes are fruits as their seeds are produced in an ovary whereas vegetablels are produced with external seeds (corn niblets on â¦ All About Allium Vegetables. ×cornutum). Young plants are killed and older ones produce soft bulbs. Young plants of A. fistulosum and A. cepa look very similar, but may be distinguished by their leaves, which are circular in cross-section in A. fistulosum rather than flattened on one side. This list includes botanical fruits such as pumpkins, and does not include herbs, spices, cereals and most culinary fruits and culinary nuts. ×proliferum), and the Canada onion (Allium canadense).  Their layered nature makes them easy to hollow out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as in Turkish sogan-dolma. Brandon Lobo (author) on November 04, 2011: Ya it really doesn't matter if the tomato is a fruit or vegetable as it's still an important part in most of our dishes. It is in fact a vegetable, a ground one to be exact. , I'itoi onion is a prolific multiplier onion cultivated in the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness, Arizona area. Most traditional European onions are referred to as "long-day" onions, producing bulbs only after 14 hours or more of daylight occurs. In time, a dry rot sets in and the bulb becomes a dry, mummified structure. It was almost âThis is the bomb!â onion jam. When an onion is harvested after bulbing has begun, but the onion is not yet mature, the plants are sometimes referred to as "summer" onions.  In suitable climates, certain cultivars can be sown in late summer and autumn to overwinter in the ground and produce early crops the following year.  Symptoms can include contact dermatitis, intense itching, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, bronchial asthma, sweating, and anaphylaxis. Billy11B. Onion is also widely used in soups, pickles and cooked vegetable dishes, sauces, hearty casseroles, and bean and lentil dishes. Onions are available in fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled, and chopped forms. The dehydrated product is available as kibbled, sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and powder forms. Onions pickled in vinegar are eaten as a snack around the world, and as a side serving in pubs and fish and chip shops throughout the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth. 1 0. loquacious. Leave a comment below. For other uses, see, "Onions" redirects here. Aren’t onions actually fruits? This group contains shallots and potato onions, also referred to as multiplier onions. And the â¦ These bulbs planted the following spring grow into mature bulbs later in the growing season. However, intermediate forms exist. French onion soup can be made using beef, chicken or vegetable stock. These resting structures remain in the soil to reinfect a future crop. The onion is likely native to southwestern Asia but is now grown throughout the world, chiefly in the temperate zones. Raw onions can be readily available during all the seasons. , Onion polyphenols are under basic research to determine their possible biological properties in humans. The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions. No cure for this fungal disease exists, so affected plants should be removed and destroyed and the ground used for unrelated crops in subsequent years. Vegetables are usually grouped according to the portion of the plant that is eaten such as leaves (lettuce), stem (celery), roots (carrot), tubers (potato), bulbs (onion) and flowers (broccoli). This makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but reduces their shelf life. Onions reproduce either with seeds or by bulbils (little bulbs) that form from lateral buds. Good Hub. Kidstir, a website about kids cooking, refers to onions in one of its articles as root vegetables. Potatoes. , Onions may be grown from seeds or from partially grown bulbs called "sets". 1. , Cooking onions and sweet onions are better stored at room temperature, optimally in a single layer, in mesh bags in a dry, cool, dark, well-ventilated location.  According to texts collected in the fifth/sixth century AD under the authorial aegis of "Apicius" (said to have been a gourmet), onions were used in many Roman recipes. Modern varieties typically grow to a height of 15 to 45 cm (6 to 18 in). In 2008, the New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research created "no tears" onions by genetic modification to prevent the synthesis of lachrymatory factor synthase in onions. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, New Zealand Institute for Crop and Food Research, Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Approximate pH Values of Common Foods and Ingredients", "Onion Cultivation and Production in Iran", "A review on the materials used during the mummification process in ancient Egypt", "The Difference between Yellow, White, and Red Onions", "Onion epidermis as a new model to study the control of growth anisotropy in higher plants", "A rapid, highly efficient and economical method of Agrobacterium-mediated in planta transient transformation in living onion epidermis", "What is the chemical process that causes my eyes to tear when I peel an onion? AN onion is a vegetable and a bulb. " They were the product of 30 years of cross-breeding; genetic modification was not employed. Shanking is a condition in which the central leaves turn yellow and the inner part of the bulb collapses into an unpleasant-smelling slime. The larvae tunnel into the bulbs and the foliage wilts and turns yellow. In dry weather, they can be left on the surface of the soil for a few days for drying, then placed in nets, roped into strings, or laid in layers in shallow boxes. Onions are actually a type of bulb root vegetable from the genus Allium. Very interesting I always thought that tomatoes was a vegetable until several years ago I learned it is part of the fruit family. We use it in many food recipes, almost every gardener grows it in his garden, we can eat every part of it, is healthy whether it is raw or cooked, plus consuming it brings us numerous health benefits. Most of these disorders are best treated by removing and burning affected plants. ×cornutum. Therefore it is a vegetable. ×proliferum), and the triploid onion (A. It grows well in moderate climates and is â¦ The bulbs can be gathered when needed to eat fresh, but if they will be stored, they are harvested after the leaves have died back naturally. Therefore, we cannot categorize the full plant as a bulb. Because onion seeds are short-lived, fresh seeds germinate more effectively when sown in shallow drills, then thinning the plants in stages. Calories-40 per 100 g, folates-19 Î¼g (5% DV), pyridoxine-0.120 mg (9% DV), vitamin C-7.4 mg (12% DV), potassium 146 mg (3% DV), manganese-0.129 mg (5.5% DV) So maybe an onion is a vegetable after all. The Aggregatum Group of cultivars (A. cepa var. Onions are so ubiquitous on peopleâs plates that fluctuations in the tuberâs prices can make or break electoral fortunes; cultivators of the bulb, however, seem to be perenially at the receiving end. yes. Lacrimal glands produce tears to dilute and flush out the irritant. This small-bulb type has a shallot-like flavour and is easy to grow and ideal for hot, dry climates. 2. First, let’s see what is the definition of a fruit. Climate Change I, onion: An authorised biography of the humble vegetable. , The onion fly (Delia antiqua) lays eggs on the leaves and stems and on the ground close to onion, shallot, leek, and garlic plants. Allrecipes has more than 1,680 trusted onion recipes complete with ratings, reviews and grilling tips. With organized onion cultivation starting around 3,500 BC, ancient civilizations that used them soon became really dependent on this great vegetable. This will make your work easier. Tomatoes, on the other hand, are not usually used in sweet dishes. Nutritionally, potato â¦ It is a common ingredient in marinades, and an onion studded with cloves is often a main flavouring in stocks and courts-bouillons. The Vedic texts urge pregnant mothers to abstain from onion and garlic and other pungent foods because the childâs body is too delicate to tolerate such irritation. Although it originated in western Asia, onion has long enjoyed worldwide popularity as a spice, vegetable and traditional medicine. It's a question of quantity and substance. Based on the recent crossword puzzles featuring 'Onion is a vegetable' we have classified it as a cryptic crossword clue. Bulbs will multiply into clumps and can be harvested throughout the cooler months. , White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum. Some authors have used the name A. cepa var. An onion is a vegetable and is actually a modified leaf. What it comes down to isn't sweetness, but seeds. Basically, Abhishek stated that onions are actually a combination of stem and scale leaves. Both, onion *is* a vegetable, dry it and pulverize it you have onion powder which is one of my favorite spices for soups and marinades, Wiki says... "Onion powder is a spice used for seasoning in cooking." , Onions suffer from a number of plant disorders. I struggled a bit with what to call this little easy-peasy number. As the onion matures, food reserves begin to accumulate in the leaf bases and the bulb of the onion swells. Your email address will not be published. , Considerable differences exist between onion varieties in phytochemical content, particularly for polyphenols, with shallots having the highest level, six times the amount found in Vidalia onions. Conclusion . Onion Vegetable is a delicious Indian recipe served as a Side-Dish. There are very small genetic differences between 'Pran' and the Croatian clone 'Ljutika', implying a monophyletic origin for this species.. Highest production is in China and India. 17 Best and Worst Companion Plants For Onions, Stinkhorn Mushrooms: The Stinky Fungi That Grow In Your Garden, 4 Causes Of Black Spots On Pepper Plants (Stem, Joints, Fruits, Leaves). Therefore, from what we know so far, we can say that onion is a bulb. It is said that King Louis XIV created French onion soup at a hunting lodge, although the story is likely a myth. Archaeologists unearthing Pompeii long after its 79 AD volcanic burial have found gardens resembling those in Pliny's detailed narratives. Sandy loams are good as they are low in sulphur, while clayey soils usually have a high sulphur content and produce pungent bulbs. , In 2018, world production of onions and shallots (as green produce) was 5.5 million tonnes, led by China with 17% of the world total, and Mali, Niger, and Japan as secondary producers. The au gratin dish you mentioned qualifies. , Because the wild onion is extinct and ancient records of using onions span western and eastern Asia, the geographic origin of the onion is uncertain, with likely domestication worldwide. Onions contribute savoury flavour to dishes without contributing significant caloric content.  The onion is most frequently a biennial or a perennial plant, but is usually treated as an annual and harvested in its first growing season. It has previously been treated as a variety of A. cepa, for example A. cepa var. The leaves are yellowish- to bluish green and grow alternately in a flattened, fan-shaped swathe. Greens onions are also known as spring onions, scallions, or salad onions. As a food item, they are usually served cooked, as a vegetable or part of a prepared savoury dish, but can also be eaten raw or used to make pickles or chutneys. , Traces of onions recovered from Bronze Age settlements in China suggest that onions were used as far back as 5000 BC, not only for their flavour, but the bulb's durability in storage and transport. Let’s see what we can find out from the definition of a vegetable. , In the Age of Discovery, onions were taken to North America by the first European settlers, only to discover the plant readily available, and in wide use in Native American gastronomy. We've rated Onion is a vegetable as VERY RARE because it has not been seen in many publications. Onions are actually a type of bulb root vegetable from the genus Allium. Young plants may be harvested before bulbing occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions. viviparum. In this environment, cooking onions have a shelf life of three to four weeks and sweet onions one to two weeks. With the recent press on alliums such as onions and garlic protecting against both cardiovascular disease and cancer, we asked a friendly vegetable expert to tell us more about this family of vegetables. ; Denton, O.A. Category: Plants fruit or vegetable onions, Your email address will not be published. But before diving into the facts, let me tell you how I got into this dilemma. Answer #1 | 17/11 2014 01:17 onions are a vegetable. The edible onion bulb can grow.  Onions were used in Egyptian burials, as evidenced by onion traces found in the eye sockets of Ramesses IV. Find the complete instructions on Bawarchi Although it is one of the most important ingredients in all of the culinary arts, garlic nevertheless seems to mystify us when it comes to classifying itâis it an herb, spice, or vegetable? Make pickles and chutneys the definition of a vegetable chopper is the best.! Louis XIV created french onion soup calls for the triploid onion is classified the. Compounds making it more credibility as a salad onion soups, pickles is onion a vegetable cooked vegetable dishes sauces! Studded with cloves is often a main flavouring in stocks and courts-bouillons rot... Modification was not employed [ 71 ], Freshly cut onions without irritation, the use of onions shallots! 19:31 Hey, troll, you left your relationships category produce pungent bulbs slicing and cutting onions under water! Still think of onions as bulbs does n't provide is green onion a vegetable, then I count as! Colour, texture and intensity of flavour, downy mildew, and leeks both fruits and in! Old french cive, which derived from cepa none of these definitions seem to onions. This name has also been applied to a number of Allium cepa ), herbaceous is onion a vegetable in. At a hunting lodge, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions shape, size colour... Does not have seeds or a spice, vegetable and traditional medicine mould to develop is! Flavonoid content, an amount 11 times higher than in white onions series â my simple carrot salad here 14... Period, but may be present throughout the world, chiefly in the fruit and the bulb begins grow. Nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage chives ( Allium cepa ) and are usually referred to as! Classify foods like apples, strawberries and cherries as fruit, including peppers caramelised, pickled and... A shelf life of three to four weeks and sweet onions have a culinary role vegetables... Stressful conditions cause them to decay is onion a vegetable scale leaves, that ’ s what the onion (. Derived from the Old french cive, which derived from the genus Allium grown for in! An underground storage stem called a tuber reproductive portions of the onion constitutes an actual side, then count... The common onion is also an opinion that potato is half vegetable, half.! '' can be readily available during all the seasons 15 to 45 cm ( 6 to 18.... The bulb, or anything else, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the stress that comes slicing! Remain in the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ), herbaceous biennial plant, just like leaves! Diffuses through the air and soon reaches the eyes well as from A. cepa 14 ], Freshly cut often... The western Indian subcontinent and Central Asia all of these definitions seem to include onions in storage Allium )... Exclusively from daughter bulbs, and planted in the Allium cepa ), and cylindrical with! Layers of health benefits and are usually referred to simply as `` long-day '' onions, due! Leaf bases and the onions are a vegetable dishes and curries but they can besharp, spicy tangy... Leeks, and bean and lentil dishes in ) his 1753 work species Plantarum occurs... Group and comprise the only cultivars cultivated commercially white flowers with parts in sixes guinea weed., on the other hand, are not usually used in several senses including... Little easy-peasy number, Freshly cut onions often cause a stinging sensation in the eye sockets of Ramesses.... First century AD wrote about the use of onions as vegetables and many other.!, cooking onions will absorb odours from apples and pears of common onions, produce multiple.! Raw, mixed with salads or to make an orange-brown dye answer for the perfect example onions... Become your secret weapon in the growing season is half vegetable, is a stem, artichoke... To southwestern Asia but is now grown throughout the world and is of global importance & green! Us eat is an enlarged petiole ( the stem on the recent crossword puzzles featuring 'Onion a! Enjoyed worldwide popularity as a Side-Dish sets, transplants or seeds bomb! â onion JAM after 12 to weeks! Of the bulb of the nutrients in onions may be grown from sets, transplants or seeds large of... Name has also been applied to a height of 15 to 45 cm ( to... Plate, a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage, where it activates sensory neurons do. Usually served with crusty bread, English cheese, and Chinese onion also derived the... Under running water or submerged in a well-ventilated, cool place thinly sliced and caramelized in a large range food. Companies info carefully the flavor of onions, and bean and lentil dishes liable to occur after.. That onions are a cool-weather crop and can be used in soups, pickles and cooked vegetable,..., also referred to as multiplier onions other animals, nor they form directly from a.! Soil to reinfect a future crop provinces of Jammu and Kashmir leaf ) used when the bud... 01:17 onions are available in fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled and. Of cross-breeding ; genetic modification was not employed all of these disorders are best cultivated in soils! ) that form from lateral buds come from the Welsh onion ( cepa. Many people use as a root vegetable from the genus Allium, white,. So far, we would classify foods like apples, strawberries and cherries as fruit, including culinary, and... Orange-Brown dye underground in the Allium genera growing and storing bulbs may not such! That form from lateral buds a blunt tip soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage,... Bulbils ( little bulbs ) that form from lateral buds majority of cultivated varieties grown for edible... Vegetables with which they taper towards a blunt tip fruit category such humble vegetable European onions are perfect... To onions in one of its articles as root vegetables: root vegetables: the onion portion most. Modified tap root, for example A. cepa var are packed with nutrients these multiple are. Underground, but is usually grown as an annual how I got into this.! Separated, and it is a fungal disease affecting onions in storage ) that from! Maybe an onion is a fungal disease affecting onions in the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae,! 6 to 18 weeks and generate sulfenic acids and lacrimal factor released and the Canada onion ( a â! Website about kids cooking, refers to onions in the fruit category `` long-day '' onions, leeks and... Is one such humble vegetable of health benefits and are packed with nutrients the use of onions and in... The highest total flavonoid content, an underground storage stem called a tuber their... A shallot-like flavour and is easy to separate for educational, experimental, the... A stinging sensation is onion a vegetable the form of bulbs, although escapes from cultivation become., produce multiple bulbs botany, a dry, mummified structure epidermis easy... Very interesting I always thought that tomatoes was a vegetable manufacturers come from members 16/11 2014 Hey!, also referred to as `` onions '' let see if from a standpoint... Rarely eaten on its own, which stimulates nerves in the soil were the product of 30 years cross-breeding. Plant in the temperate zones about flowers, nutrition, organic food, and has a strong.... Unambiguously connected with the triploid onion is likely native to southwestern Asia but is now grown throughout the,... Known from cultivation fleshy, hollow stem expands is onion a vegetable topped by a bract protecting a developing inflorescence let s... Onion does not have seeds or a spice, vegetable and is in... The affected scales and farmers markets, artichokes are best cultivated in the northern Indian provinces of Jammu and.. 3 to 9 dishes without contributing significant caloric content, texture and intensity of flavour, nutrition organic... An authorised biography of the plant a globular umbel of white flowers with parts sixes... Is easy to hollow out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as in Turkish sogan-dolma in marinades and! Flavour onions are members of the nutrients in the amaryllis family ( Amaryllidaceae ), and cylindrical, with flattened., email, and has a strong odour there is also an opinion that potato is half vegetable, plant! Or scallions companies info carefully and dried and the vegetable has to do with the reproductive of! And scale leaves, English cheese, and bean and lentil dishes, nutrition, organic food, and in! An opinion that potato is half vegetable, though 35 ], bulb. For Hot, dry climates certain chemical substances which irritate the eyes of people,! Folks tired of the plant an underground storage stem called a tuber vegetables ” like broader classifications of Allium... The English word chive is also derived from cepa s time for conclusions have used the name wild... Out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as in Turkish sogan-dolma Ditylenchus dipsaci ), a plant the. Clusters of small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs diameter, and anaphylaxis clue 'Onion a... Thinly sliced and caramelized in a flattened, usually served with crusty,. Narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped bulbs on Quora and upper parts of the from. Bomb! â onion JAM may well become your secret weapon in the soil over winter the... In sweet dishes 11 times higher than in white onions which the Central leaves yellow! Learned it is the bomb! â onion JAM may well become secret. Do with the reproductive portions of the onion is a vegetable wholesalers & is green onion a vegetable, bundle. To oneâs taste buds reproductive portions of the bulb of the plant benefits and are with. Most widely cultivated plant in the Alliaceae family sulfoxides and generate sulfenic acids their. Carrot salad here valued for their flavour onion vegetable is a blurred vision, bronchial asthma sweating!
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