The basis of the theory is the concept of rewards and punishments. Management Vs. It states you cannot have one leadership style for all situations. This is a great leadership example. For instance, if you are a leader in a war or an emergency room of a hospital, you need to adapt to telling (authoritative) style of leadership. If your project requires undeviating and specific processes, you can use this style to accomplish the desired results. For instance, Microsoft’s founder Bill Gates has empowered his key employees to make crucial decisions of significant departments like innovation and marketing. Leaders also tend to be higher in traits such as extroversion, self-confidence, and h… Contingency Theories – How Does The Situation Influence Good Leadership? Some examples of leaders, which are born in India are Mahatma Gandhi, Amitabh Bachchan, Kiran Bedi, Sachin Tendulkar, Saina Nehwal, etc. We have it. In this situation, where a deadline has to be met within a week, a … When we look at the le… Read more: Laissez-Faire Leadership: Definition, Tips and Examples. Transformational Leadership Theory: Recently, it has been realized that managers are not necessarily leaders. He inspired employees to think beyond what they had already done. LEADERSHIP: PERSPECTIVES IN THEORY AND RESEARCH 317 Table I combines these concepts to form a matrix of four ways in which to view leadership. Dr. Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard developed the Situational Theory of leadership. A servant leader forms strategy and makes decisions and then builds consensus with influencing that is so gentle that people may feel that the decision was a consensus from the start. They can also motivate others to perform, create, and innovate. However, transformational leadership will not work if you have a group of less-skilled members, as they require direction and guidance in an authoritarian style. However, they took on leadership roles and captured the imagination of the masses. Any time you go above and beyond what your basic job requires and solve a problem or take the lead on something without being asked is great leadership. Task structure will be high as there will be clear operating procedures on how to deal with customers. Charismatic Leadership Robert House, a psychologist, developed a leadership theory called Path-Goal Theory. Empathy. These leaders play a pivotal role in creating and sustaining a modern, connected and high-performing public service that is ethical, professional and non-partisan. Also known as transformational theory, the basis of it is the relationship between you and your group. The democratic leadership style (also called the participative style) is a combination of the autocratic and laissez-faire types of leaders. The favorableness of a situation is the extent to which the situation allows you to influence your group. The Key Leadership Competencies define the behaviours expected of leaders in Canada’s Public Service. Theory of Leadership # 4. Here is how you will grow as a leader: You will be flexible to adapt to a variety of situations. In other words, the path-goal theory of leadership was developed to explain how the behavior of a leader influences the satisfaction and performance of subordinates. You need to be patient while applying the behavioral theory. According to a study by the University of Cologne, Germany, transformational leaders result in well being of their group. The great man theory is one of the earliest ways to look at leadership. For behavioral theorists, a leader behavior is the best predictor of his leadership influences and as a result, is the best determinant of his or her leadership success. “Whole brain” leadership. For nearly 25 years, the multiple editions of Hackman and Johnsons outstanding work have been the backbone of leadership courses at hundreds of colleges and universities. It states that some people are born with the traits of a leader; they have the gift of unique qualities. Leadership: Theory and Practice, Eighth Edition provides readers with a user-friendly account of a wide range of leadership research in a clear, concise, and interesting manner. It focuses on a leader’s ability to inspire followers and it does so by focusing on a vision that can change the structures around the organization. According to the theory, you need to facilitate discussion. Leadership is an integral component of the human experience and of practical importance to all. Since these are personality traits, you can use personality assessment tests to identify your strengths and weaknesses. I’ve already given you examples of how we, once in a leadership role, have access to additional perspectives on the happenings and decisions in our organizations. perspective, Podolny, Khurana, and Hill-Popper observed that “for at least the past thirty years, the concept of leadership has been subject to criticism and marginalization by the dominant organizational para-digms and perspectives” (2005:1). The leadership style you adopt, depends on circumstances. Not all leaders are good and acknowledgement of this can often be the first step towards better leadership. You need to fall under only a set of leadership styles to apply this theory. Leadership. The following figure gives us a list of a few traits of great leaders: You can use the traits mentioned in this theory as a yardstick to assess your ability as a leader. From a Type I perspective, for example, leadership is viewed as a trait or characteristic likely to be possessed by the effective leader found in any group or organizational context. As a leader, it’s likely that a can-do, never-give-up attitude helped drive your success. The ‘Great Man’ theory and ‘trait’ theory suggests that leaders have leadership traits by birth. leadership perspective. Leadership Perspectives ...Perspectives of Leadership: Process, Role, Influence, and Servant Leadership Sean Jackson Grand Canyon University MGMT 625 Leadership Styles and Development May 5, 2010 Perspectives of Leadership: Process, Role, Influence, and Servant Leadership Clearly, there many opinions that can be drawn as it relates to the many different perspectives of leadership. Also, there can be scenarios where you may want to change the situation rather than match your style of leadership to it. Behavioral leadership theory is a management philosophy that evaluates leaders according to the actions they display in the workplace. For example, by the path-goal theory of leadership, leaders must choose between telling people what to do, supporting people through their work, consulting with followers before making a decision or setting challenging goals and allowing employees the … According to the theory, you need to build the trust of your subordinates by building quality relationships with them. There have been various leaders who have implemented various strategies depending on requirements and team strategies. Leadership Perspectives What you see is what you get! Contingency theory, developed by Fred Fielder in 1958, assumes that leaders are either task-oriented or relationship-oriented. Critics of this theory suggest that the list describing the leadership traits of successful leaders is very long – more than a hundred different traits. It also fails to explain the instances of leadership failures, where leaders failed despite posses… The Great Man theory assumes that the traits of leadership are intrinsic. The development of leadership skills is very important because they help to achieve both personal and professional success. Scholars disagree about what distinguishes management from leadership, even though these concepts often overlap. Inspiration refers to your quality to inspire group members. Early studies on leadership focused on the differences between leaders and followers with the assumption that people in leadership positions would display more leadership traits than those in subordinate positions. You need to be aware though that the decision-making process may take a lot of time, which can affect the efficiency of your group. This theory states that if you condition your behavior for the response to any given situation, you can be a leader. Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru were all great leaders but their personalities had distinctly different characteristics. Let’s have a look at the eight major theories, along with their strengths, weaknesses, and examples. It is also defined as the capacity to influence a group towards the realization of a goal. Transformational Leadership Examples in Business. As per the theory, task-oriented leaders perform well in situations that are very favorable or unfavorable, and relationship-oriented leaders perform well in situations that are intermediate in favorableness, as shown in the following figure: Hence, as per the Contingency theory, the best way to approach your new job as a store manager is to use a relationship-oriented style. For example, showing up on time to meetings and turning in work on schedule shows dependability. This was the core of the original idea behind what made an effective leader. 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